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Structure and dynamics of the deoxyguanosine-sensing riboswitch studied by NMR spectroscopy

TitleStructure and dynamics of the deoxyguanosine-sensing riboswitch studied by NMR spectroscopy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsWacker A, Buck J, Mathieu D, Richter C, Wöhnert J, Schwalbe H
JournalNucleic Acids Res

The mfl-riboswitch regulates expression of ribonucleotide reductase subunit mfl in Mesoplasma florum by binding to 2’-deoxyguanosine and thereby promoting transcription termination. We characterized the structure of the ligand-bound aptamer domain by NMR spectroscopy and compared the mfl-aptamer to the aptamer domain of the closely related purine-sensing riboswitches. We show that the mfl-aptamer accommodates the extra 2’-deoxyribose unit of the ligand by forming a more relaxed binding pocket than these found in the purine binding aptamers of the purine-sensing riboswitches. Tertiary structures of the xpt-aptamer bound to guanine and of the mfl-aptamer bound to 2’-deoxyguanosine exhibit very similar features, although the sequence of the mfl-aptamer contains several alterations compared to the purine-aptamer consensus sequence. These alterations include the truncation of a hairpin loop which is crucial for complex formation in all purine-sensing riboswitches characterized to date. We further defined structural features and ligand binding requirements of the free mfl-aptamer and found that the presence of Mg2+ is not essential for complex formation, but facilitates ligand binding by promoting pre-organization of key structural motifs in the free aptamer.