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Folding and activity of cAMP-dependent protein kinase mutants.

TitleFolding and activity of cAMP-dependent protein kinase mutants.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsLanger T, Sreeramulu S, Vogtherr M, Elshorst B, Betz M, Schieborr U, Saxena K, Schwalbe H
JournalFEBS Lett
Date PublishedAug
Accession Number104

The catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) can easily be expressed in Escherichia coli and is catalytically active. Four phosphorylation sites are known in PKA (S10, S139, T197 and S338), and the isolated recombinant protein is a mixture of different phosphorylated forms. Obtaining uniformly phosphorylated protein requires separation of the protein preparation leading to significant loss in protein yield. It is found that the mutant S10A/S139D/S338D has similar properties as the wild-type protein, whereas additional replacement of T197 with either E or D reduces protein expression yield as well as folding propensity of the protein. Due to its high sequence homology to Akt/PKB, which cannot easily be expressed in E. coli, PKA has been used as a surrogate kinase for drug design. Several mutations within the ATP binding site have been described to make PKA even more similar to Akt/PKB. Two proteins with Akt/PKB-like mutations in the ATP binding site were made (PKAB6 and PKAB8), and in addition S10, S139 and S338 phosphorylation sites have been removed. These proteins can be expressed in high yields but have reduced activity compared to the wild-type. Proper folding of all proteins was analyzed by 2D 1H, 15N-TROSY NMR experiments.